Autistic after a long time?It’s time to clear up the misunderstanding

At present, autism has become a buzzword for teenagers to express negative emotions, and a synonym for depression.The abuse of the word “autism” makes the public, who do not know much about autism, have a greater misunderstanding of the disease. They simply equate “autism” with autism, and even mistakenly think that a person who has been autistic for a long time will get autism.In fact, autism is more than 100,000 galaxies away from what we normally call autism.Autism, also known as autism, is a genetic disorder that has nothing to do with upbringing. It starts in early childhood and lasts for life. It is a neurodevelopmental disorder with communication and social interaction disorders, repetitive behaviors and narrow interests as the core defects.Autistic children are not actively self-isolated because of inner depression, nor do they want to interact with others, but do not have the ability to social interaction, which is fundamentally different from the “autistic” in our daily mouth.A person who is “shut off” for a long time may suffer from depression, but never from autism.In addition to misconceptions about the symptoms and causes of autism, there are many other misconceptions.On April 2, the 15th World Autism Awareness Day, let’s take a look at the facts behind the misconceptions.Myth # 1: Autism is a rare disorder?Autism is not uncommon.Childhood autism is the most common and representative of pervasive developmental disorders, with a prevalence of 1% to 2% in children worldwide.Only diseases with a incidence of less than one in ten thousand newborns, a prevalence of less than one in ten thousand newborns, and a number of patients with less than 140,000 are classified as rare diseases, and the prevalence of autism is far more than 100 times the standard for rare diseases.Meanwhile, the prevalence of autism continues to rise year by year.Autism is becoming an increasingly common neurodevelopmental disorder, with the prevalence of autism increasing from 1 in 88 to 1 in 54 children aged 8 in the United States from 2012 to 2020, according to data.Myth 2: Most children with autism are mentally retarded?Intellectual disability is a big misconception about children with autism.Even some autistic children who do not have the ability to express verbal language can learn to communicate with pictures, words and so on.Children with autism do not perform well on standardized intelligence tests because they have poor communication skills and narrow interests. In other words, standardized intelligence tests do not accurately measure their true intelligence.In fact, some autistic children can achieve great success in the fields they are good at and enjoy, such as painting, music, literature, science, mathematics and so on.Children with Asperger’s syndrome, in particular, are partly intellectually superior.Myth # 3: Autistic children are cold?No emotion?Children with autism are very emotional.Children with autism often have a single facial expression, no eye contact, a lack of response to call, and a lack of interest in human interaction.Some parents of autistic children feel indifferent and indifferent to their children, just like machines without feelings.In fact, children with autism have a lot of emotions inside, which are blocked from being expressed.Previously, an autistic child with verbal and language communication disorders, after treatment and learning, can skillfully use typing this way, write many beautiful and moving articles, but also the inner rich emotions fully expressed through written language.Therefore, as relatives and friends of autistic children, we should actively guide them to express and help them build a way to communicate.Myth 4: Autistic children can’t talk?Not socializing with people?Not necessarily.Autism is not simply a lack of communication, but inappropriate communication, even excessive communication, communication disorders.Some autistic children do have speech communication disorders, language development delays, speech difficulties.However, not all children with autism are unable to speak. Some children are overly enthusiastic, talking endlessly in front of strangers, telling others what they should and should not say, and even repeating their words when others are tired of hearing them, showing no regard for others’ emotions and lacking a sense of social distance.Director of developmental behavior division Zhu Zhiwei said, in the outpatient department, often encounter parents to bring to see “adhd” children, after professional evaluation, was found to be autism.The children to sit still, don’t listen to the teacher in class instruction, look out in a group, they actually social communication obstacles, lack of consciousness of social rules, communicative ability is poor, weak pride shame, not from the perspective of others, don’t know how to maintain their image, thus will not control themselves, abide by the rules and what they want,It can easily be mistaken for ADHD.When children parents these symptoms to attract attention And timely to undergo screening for autism generally shortly after birth, or early infant have symptoms, but also development of 1 and a half before the age of about one-third of children with autism is normal, between 1 and a half to three years in degradation of language and social skills and this led to the parents often is not found in time.Director Zhu Zhiwei reminds, when the child appears the following symptoms, parents will cause attention, timely investigation to the specialist clinic.Found that the baby’s language development is delayed;No response to call name;Unwilling to make eye contact;Unable to point to objects of interest;Do not play with children of the same age;Especially active, do not listen to adult instructions;Not following the rules in kindergarten;…For children with autism, early intervention is very important. The golden age for autism treatment is from 2 to 6 years old. Through early education training and behavioral intervention, the vast majority of children can reduce their symptoms, while some children who recover better can keep up with their studies and integrate into society.The autism Clinic of Developmental Behavior Department of Zhejiang University Children’s Hospital by Wang Dun Dun

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