Those pioneers a hundred years ago (Xie Wenjin)


Today we introduce martyr Xie Wenjin, an early party member.Xie Wenjin, also known as Wenjin, word Jiongxia, was born in a peasant family in Pankeng Village, Yongjia County, Zhejiang Province in 1894.At the age of 7, his parents sent him to his uncle’s house in Yantou (a larger market town in the county) to study in yantou Pu ‘an Temple private school.The shushidian Zheng Jiheng likes Xie Wenjin very much and later took him to his own guanghua High School to continue his studies.In 1911, Xie Wenjin came to Wenzhou (yongjia county at that time), admitted to the provincial no. 10 middle school (Wenzhou Middle School).Soon after entering the school, however, he and other rural children from Nanxi mountain were discriminated against and bullied by a few high-achieving gentry students.Xie Wenjin angrily refuted the fallacy of the other party, but was expelled from the school on the charge of “radical thinking”.At that time, his hometown Hu Gongmian was teaching in Hangzhou Provincial No. 1 Normal School (now Hangzhou Senior High School). Xie Wenjin came to Hangzhou and passed the entrance examination to study in this school.In 1917, Xie Wenjin graduated from the First Normal School and returned to his hometown to organize Yantou High Primary School (later yantou Central Primary School in Yongjia County).He employed progressive teachers and selected progressive textbooks, and was zealous in educating and training his students, and fought resolutely against the evil forces in the countryside.At the same time, he often used the teachers and students in Hangzhou, Shanghai contact, reading progressive books and periodicals, and propagandistic revolutionary ideas among teachers and students.Later became a famous revolutionary martyr Jin Guan Zhen, Li Dezhao, etc., are his students hosted in Yantou High school.In 1919, Xie Wenjin left home and returned to Shanghai, where he took part in the May 4th Movement and worked in the magazine New Youth under the leadership of Chen Duxiu.In 1920, Xie wenjin joined the Socialist Youth League.In 1921, he joined the Communist Party of China.In the summer of the same year, he went to Moscow to study at the Eastern Communist University of Laborers.In 1923, Xie returned to China with Soviet adviser Borotin and served as secretary of the CPC Central Committee.As an interpreter and a member of the Party Central Committee, he helped Sun Yat-sen reorganize the Kuomintang in Guangzhou and made contributions to the realization of the first cooperation between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party.In the autumn of 1924, Xie Wenjin was ordered to return to his hometown, propagandize the revolution, develop the members of the Party, and set up the earliest party organization in south Zhejiang – Wenzhou Independent branch of the Communist Party of China.He propagated the revolution to the workers, farmers and educated youth in yongjia City (now downtown Wenzhou) and Nanxi (now Yantou, Yantan and other districts of Yongjia County) by visiting relatives and meeting friends, inviting seminars and making speeches at conferences.In the spring of 1925, Xie wenjin personally introduced more than 30 people to join the Communist Party of China and socialist Youth League in Wenzhou.After the establishment of wenzhou Independent branch of the COMMUNIST Party of China, it is directly under the leadership of the CPC Central Committee, and later under the leadership of Shanghai (Jiangsu and Zhejiang) District Committee.After xie Wenjin was transferred to Shanghai to engage in the work of labor movement, he still often cared about and guided the development of “Wen Independence branch” work.He also sent documents and revolutionary books to Wen Duzhi members Zheng Yunchen, Jin Guanzhen and Li Dezhao from Shanghai through a ship’s tea room.In 1925, the May 30th Massacre took place in Shanghai.At that time, Xie Wenjin served as deputy director of the General Affairs Department of the Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions. Together with Li Lisan and Liu Shaoqi, he launched and organized the masses of workers to carry out strikes and demonstrations, and he often made speeches at mass meetings.In September, Xie became a member of the Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions.In April 1926, Xie wenjin became a member of the Shanghai District Committee of the Communist Party of China. Before and after this, he also served as the secretary of two ministries (namely the district), Caojiadu and Yangshupu.In July, he was transferred to be secretary of nanjing Regional Committee of the COMMUNIST Party of China.Xie Wenjin carried out a lot of revolutionary work in Shanghai, Nanjing, Jiangsu and Zhejiang, and also participated in the organization and leadership of the Shanghai workers’ three armed uprisings.On February 9, 1927, the Shanghai District Committee held a plenary meeting to discuss the preparatory work for the first Congress of the Jiangsu and Zhejiang districts, and decided to organize committees for political issues, workers’ issues and proposal review. The committee was composed of Xie Wenjin, Hua Lin, Zhang Zuochen and Luo Yinong, with Xie Wenjin as the director.Xie is also a member of two other committees.A list of candidates for the Shanghai district Committee was put forward at the meeting, and Xie Wenjin was still nominated as one of the 13 full members.The Shanghai District Committee held its first general meeting since its re-election on July 16 and decided to put the Party organization in Zhenjiang under the leadership of the Nanjing District Committee headed by Xie Wenjin.At 2 o ‘clock in the morning of April 11, 1927, Zhao Huchen, head of nanjing Public Security Bureau’s investigation team, arrested xie Wenjin and other 10 people.In prison, the Kuomintang reactionaries used extremely cruel punishment on them, but Xie Wenjin and others would rather die than surrender, finally, Chiang Kai-shek secretly ordered Zhao Huchen to kill them.Xie Wenjin and his comrades were either killed and bagged, or put into sacks filled with lime and then bayonetted to death.The bodies of the martyrs were carried to the Jiulong Bridge outside the Tongji Gate in Nanjing and thrown into the Qinhuai River.Xie Wenjin was declared a martyr in 1956.In 1992, the Yongjia County Party Committee and the Yongjia County government built a monument to xie Wenjin in Pankeng Village.

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